Understanding the male reproductive system

The male reproductive system is comprised of various organs and structures, including the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and penis. Here’s what you should know.

The male reproductive system
The male reproductive system
  • Testes: The testes are primary reproductive organs and are located within the scrotum. They are responsible for producing and storing sperm as well as producing testosterone.
  • Epididymis: The epididymis is a coiled tube located near the testes that stores and transports sperm. Sperm can remain here for 2-12 days.
  • Vas Deferens: The vas deferens is a muscular tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra.
  • Seminal Vesicles: The seminal vesicles are glands located near the base of the bladder that produce a fluid that nourishes and protects sperm.
  • Seminiferous Tubules: These coiled tubes are within the testes and contain the cells that produce sperm.
  • Prostate Gland: The prostate gland is a gland located near the base of the bladder that produces a fluid that helps to protect and nourish sperm.
  • Penis: The penis is the external male reproductive organ used for sexual intercourse and the release of semen.
  • Scrotum: The scrotum is a pouch of skin located outside the body that contains the testes. Its primary function is to regulate the temperature of the testes, which are sensitive to changes in temperature and need to be slightly cooler than the rest of the body to produce and maintain healthy sperm.